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The history of Magirus Deutz

In the year 1864 Conrad Dietrich Magirus, whose ancestor had the name Kock, changed to the Latin form of the Greek word Mageiros for cook (Koch), founded in Ulm the "fire-extinguishing equipment factory C D Magirus". This took up 1916 the development and the building of trucks and leaned 1936 closely against the Kloeckner Humboldt Deutz company (KHD).
At the end of on 1974 Magirus was sold from the KHD, for being a part of the IVECO Holding created by KHD and FIAT, from which company KHD however 1980 withdrew itself. Soon thereafter disappeared also the Magirus logo. the cathedral of Ulm,which have been to see on all Magirus vehicles made, excluded some war years, in which the round Kloeckner Deutz mark had been used.
The first truck with the name Magirus was built in September 1916. It was a 3 tonner, with a 4 cylinders engine of 6082 cm3, which carried 40 HP out at 1100 rpm.
1927 were introduced the Magirus Deutz 3 CV   135. It was with 7.63 L engine, with 65 HP. Total weight on  6 tons.
The first Diesel-engined truck came in December 1932.

In Ulm was during the years 1940-1944 built the 3 Tonner S and A330, To live up to the regulation for type standardisation in the German automotive manufacture, the so-called Schell Program, it was named S/A 3000. S was meanig Strasse (street), A was meaning Allradantrieb (4WD) As second war trucks was the 4.5 Tonner GS 145 respectively later S/A4500 for manufacturing assigned by Magirus. This joint development of Magirus, Henschel and Sauer was built however only in small numbers of items, mainly as basis for fire-brigade superstructures. Starting from 1942 civil activities was minimized, to get a large extend on the half chain trucks S3000/SSM and the Raupenschlepper Ost, RSO, wich was a Steyr reproduction, that as RSO/01 with an air-cooled eight-cylinder petrol engine of Steyr, when RSO/03 was equipped starting from 1944 with one of Deutz developed air-cooled diesel engine, F4L 514 on 5.3 litres and 65 HP. This engine was used also with the first postwar vehicle, the Waldschlepper R-S 1500, a half-track vehicle built of 1946-1947, which was manufactured in the substantial from remaining parts of the military models and primary used as a forest tractor. On the other hand the few trucks of the type S3000 were still with water-cooled engines.
1948 had the conditions improved , and
Magiruscould take up again a regulated production with the S3000. The vehicle, whose designation referred to the pay load of 3 tons, differed only a little from the type of the type produced before the war. The S3000 was now equipped with the air-cooled engine F4L 514 that first 75 HP, in 3500 later 85 HP carried out.

In the meantime however a fundamental modernization of the 3.5 Ton model was needed. A prototype of 1949 shows already the new cabin and strongly curved fender, but still the old hood.

1951 came the new vehicle. It was characterised by a modern driving cab, with a strongly rounded hood, which was to be opened from the front and got the name "alligator hood", or "round nose". Engine and type designation remained unchanged.
As the second novelty Magirus presented to the 6.5 Ton S6500, whose driving cab
had bigger dimensions in the width and somewhat differently formed fenders the same round form as by the smaller models. The new driving cab came allready in 1950 on a forerunner type, S6000, but only as fire-extinguishing vehicle. Under the hood of the S6500 the new developed air-cooled V8 took place, this had the type F 8 L 614, first with 175 HP, later with 170 HP. This around 5 HP reduced indication of achievement did not have technical, but fiscal reason.
It was actually intended to build the entire truck Program with the new driving cabs. From the outset however difficulties with the round, pressed hood arose with the employment on cross-country vehicles with the high chassis twistings. In addition the whole hood always had to be replaced when damaged, what occurred in building site enterprise relatively frequently, while on the angular hood individual parts could be replaced. As a follow of that dump trucks and 4WD trucks of the easy type kept first the wood/steel driving cab of 1949, received however 1954 with introduction angular fenders to 4.5 Ton models.
For the large A6500 in 1953 a sharp-edged hood were already developed, whose front portion was clear as that of the A3500. This "large hood" replaced already in 1959 with the Jupiter the alligator hood completely, also on the road trucks.
Because of the nevertheless quite substantial noisy sound of air-cooled engines with mechanical cooling blower, Magirus tried starting from 1957 to struggle for a more favorable direction by a smaller air intake in front and an additional opening on the top side of the hood for the combustion air. This tendency set however the air requirement of the engines for close borders, so that was only in the light types with 85-90 HP of engines the front air port could be made smaller by perforated covers, whose form changed.
The "Seebohmgesätze" wich limited the length for trucks on 10 meters, for full trailer combinations on 14 meters forced also Magirus to the development of flat nose vehicles. 1955 the first prototypes were developed for the S4500 and the S7500. The last 1955 as S7500 F Jupiter introduced as tilting cab. None of these cabs was serial produced. The continuation of the work led 1957 to a new front steering wheel house, which was to be only intended for the installation of in line engines and was recognized at a high air intake. It was used with the Mercur F, which had a 85 HP in line engine, and at the Mercur 112 F, for which the six cylinder in line engine F 6 L 614 was throttled of 125 to 112 HP. In the consequence this front steering wheel house was reworked around the broader V-engines which should be able to be housed, and with spread, flat air intake provide. 1959 came it in this form with the types Mercur 120 F and Saturn 145 F to the use in an extended edition with higher roof also as a long distance driving cab. With the Jupiter 195 F with new V8 engine F8L714 from 1960, the driving cab was moved forwards, in order to increase the interior space.
In the meantime the product range, which in 1951 covered two types, had been extended several times, 1954 by the S4500, 1955 by the S4500/6, and 1956 by the S5500. From the S6500, S7500 and for all types additional names from the planet system introduced at the same time. These replaced 1957 the old designations completely.
The designation of the truck types in the years 1957-64 with planet names comes from the used planetary hub reduction axles. They are considered as very durable and stand also an overloading of the trucks. 1957 consisted the Magirus program of the types Mercur, Sirius, Saturn and Jupiter, as well as a heavy three-axled designed for special transportation. This had received the name Uranus and a V-12 cylinder engine F 12 L 614 with 250 HP under the enormous hood. A lighter edition of the three-axled with 170 HP engine developed with view to military use, was built under the name Jupiter. Two further three-axled were added 1960, the articulated towing vehicle Saturn 195 FS 6x4 and the dump truck Saturn 145 AK 6x6. Shortly after available with the Jupiter 195/Pluto 200 also 16 Tons for long-distance traffic.
With a re-designed driving cab, which fit in the style of the hood model, launched Magirus 1963 the Saturn , a three-axled for 22 tons total weight, together with a trailer at 10 tons total weight, the new Trans European roadtrain was a reality. The TE had a 235 HP V8 engine. In the next two years Magirus presented a whole number of further innovations. From the TE cab developed a new generation of front steering wheel houses, and with the engines the first direct injection engines were developed.

I was in my youth a Magirus driver, in a FL16-230 with trailer, and a FLT22-230 6x4 semi-trailer.  I remember Magirus Deutz as very outstanding vehicles, it was "quality made in Germany" from the factory in Ulm. Above the semi-trailer is in Svinesund, on the frontier between Sweden and Norway.
But, the Deutz engines were very thursty, much more than the competitors equipped with turbo engines.
In the back of wheels on the semitrailer, a tank of 1200 litres is installed, filled up before a journey to Norway and back. Under the first oil crisis there was restrictions, therefore we had to carry along fuel from Denmark for the whole journey. The semi-trailer had only a fuel capacity of 330 litres as standard equipment, a quantity that only reached to Oslo.
February 1974.
New about Magirus

Some members of the crew of the company IVECO Magirus in 1999 founded a society named Oldtimer-Club Magirus IVECO E.V. with the website www.oldiveco.de
which is taking care of about 40 Magirus und IVECO Fahrzeuge, fire engines, lorries and Busses.
The former plant in Senden near Neu-Ulm is the adress of the collection.

Historical Magirus Gallery
Never give up, the Raupenschlepper Ost(RSO) was independent of roads. 1943 - 1945 Magirus built more than 12500 units of this type.
A330 1940 4x4 in military edition. There was a S edition for road use (Strassenverkehr)
and an A edition for terrain (Allradantrieb)
S330 1941 in civilian edition with 4200 mm wheel base
S4500, 4.5 tons, it was built 1941 - 1943 in about 600 units.
SL3000ZL with equipment for wood gas operation.
The mule, 1943 - 1945 were built about 1750 of this type.
Walsdchlepper RS 1500. a forest tractor.
S3000 refuse collector. Details like the divided windshield and the small headlights are caused of the material situation after the war.
S 3000 og A 3000. I 1948 came this two models, which are the first civilian vehicles of Magirus, which had air-cooled engines. It was a F4 L514 at 75 HP.
S3500. 1949. Trailer triangle in wrong position, should be laid down during solo travel!
S3000. Conctrete carrier.
S3500, 1950 as public utilities vehicle. The front of the hood was a little diagonally allready.
S3500 tank semi-trailer 1950. The Shell AG received 20 vehicles, which was equipped with 125 HP engine F6 L514, otherwise not offered.
S3500, 1949, with complete steel driving cab and rounded fenders.
S3500, 1951, redesigned, engine F8 L614 with 175 HP
S3500 - 1949
S3500 - 1951, Magirus first reconstruction after the Second World War.
S3500, 1949 and 1951, old and new.
S3500 with "alligator hood", and the Veedol girl as front decoration,
she was very liked at that time.
S6500. Prototype of 1958.
S3500 and S6500
O3500 for furniture transport, built on bus frame, therefore the type designation O (Omnibus).
S6500 in this model was the drivers sleeping area built into the loading space.
Of it the name "Schwalbennest".
S3500 with structure of Kässbohrer
A3500, 1953. With original driving cab.
A3500, primary as fire extinguishers built.
AK3500, 1954.
Mercur AK 1955.
A6500. It is clearly to see the substantial twisting of the hood,
led to the use of the angular hoods.
AK3500 Mercur 1957. Hides a big engineunder the broad hood.
A6500, 1953
S4500 first front driven prototype of 1955. No production model.
S7500, 1955. with tiltable driving cab. Recognizably from the hinges with the Magirus Logo, also this car remained a prototype.
Mercur F class 1957. Was the first front driven series to be built by Magirus.
112 F with decoration on the front, those the future development suggest.
Saturn 145 FL from 1958.
Furniture van with structure from Ackerman, this body was developed for Mercedes Benz
Uranus with V12 engine on 250 HP, built for heavy special transportation.
Built 1956.
Jupiter 6x6. In 1959 the prototype came, and it went to 1961 into production. By many years was it of many NATO armys the standard cars.
Jupiter 6x6 in military version. In the radiator screen is the recess for fitting the engine for preliminary heating by the exhaust hose of another vehicle.
Jupiter 6x6 in civilian version, with an engine F8 L714 of 195 HP
S4500, 1957. The front air intake is to be decreased to minimize the noise.
Mercur 1958.
Mercur 1959.
Saturn S tanker semitrailer
Saturn S 1959.
Saturn 6x6 1963, concrete mixer.
150D 10, 1956, Long distance vehicle.
Sirius, 1956, built for the Deutsche Bundesbahn.
Pluto 200F, 1960.
Saturn 6x4, 1961. 32 tons weight. With 195 HP engine.
Saturn TE 6x4 Transeuropa 1963. The new driving cab generation, type D, this model was the basis for the series 230FL and 232 FL,
and also the big V10 cylinder 310 FL.
Biggest motor was a V12 with 17 litres capacity and an output of 340 HP.
All were engines without turbo.
Magirus Deutz 310 FL 6X2, 1970

© Hans Reckweg


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